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New Jersey Fast Facts

NJ Area CodesNJ Counties - North and South Jersey - The Yerkes Team - We Get Results!New Jersey is a Middle Atlantic state of the East United States. It is bordered by New York State (across the Hudson River and New York Harbor), the Atlantic Ocean, Delaware (across the Delaware Bay), and Pennsylvania (across the Delaware River). It's southwestern portion is part of the Delaware Valley region.

Area, 7,836 sq mi (20,295 sq km). (Ranked 47th among US states.)
Highest Elevation,
High Point 1,803 ft  (550 m)
Pop. (2000) 8,414,350, an 8.9% increase since the 1990 census.  (
Ranked 11th among US states.)
Capital, Trenton (Mercer County).
Largest city, Newark.
Nickname, Garden State.
Motto, Liberty and Prosperity.
State bird, Eastern goldfinch.
State flower, purple violet.
State tree, red oak.

Only four states are smaller in size than New Jersey, yet New Jersey ranks ninth in the nation in population and has the highest population density of any U.S. state, facts owing in part to its proximity to both New York City and Philadelphia but also indicative of its economic importance. It's economy ranks 8th in the nation in terms of GDP. New Jersey is a major industrial center, an important transportation corridor and terminus, and a long-established playground for summer vacation.

NJ Location Map

NJ Location Map

NJ Major Roads Map
 in PDF format

NJ Tourist Transportation Information

NJ Travel and Tourism

North vs South
While New Jersey never had a state civil war, there are two distinct geo-political spheres and it's almost like having two separate states.  New Jersey is roughly divided between North and South along county lines (see county map of NJ above, southern counties are colored cyan).  [Note: When convenient, such as in school sports competition, it is frequently divided into North/Central/South areas.]  

NJ Map - Phila and NYCThis North/South division existed even before the early settlers arrived.  The native American Lenape people who originally lived in New Jersey had two main dialects concentrated within roughly North/South geographic areas, with Munsee spoken in the Northern and Unami in the Southern regions of New Jersey. 

In North Jersey, which has generally higher population density, more heavy industry and congestion, you will have your TV, news and sports oriented more towards the New York City metropolitan area. 

In South Jersey, with less dense areas and most of the vacation shoreline, you tend to be oriented towards the Philadelphia/Delaware Valley metropolitan area for your TV, news and sports.  The term, "South Jersey", has it's own cultural, social, marketing and economic identity, separate from the rest of the state.

This difference also extends into how Real Estate transactions are done:  in the North, almost all real estate transactions engage lawyers for both sides and for contract dates "time is not of the essence"*; in the South, the majority of standard transactions involving residential homes, or multi-family dwellings with 4 units or less, do not use a lawyer (although there is an automatic 3-day attorney review period during which either or both sides can consult an attorney) and for contract dates "time is of the essence"*.. 
Due in part to the impact of New York City on the North and Philadelphia on the South, there are recognizable linguistic differences between North and South Jersey. See the articles "New Jersey English" and "New York - New Jersey English" for more details.  (See also: Survivor's Guide to New Jersey Speak)

*"Time is of the essence" - means that dates do matter and they are legally binding and will have real legal and economic consequences if not met.  If time is not of the essence, then it is understood that signers of a contract will attempt to met obligations within a reasonable time, but there are usually not significant consequences if completion dates of contract are extended.

Click on the following links for more NJ Facts:

"Made In New Jersey": Famous Firsts; Fun Facts

Famous New Jerseyans

More New Jersey Facts

More "About New Jersey"

New Jersey Maps Collection (
and NJ County Map with County Seats)

More about South Jersey (South Jersey Resource Center)

Information on New Jersey Real Estate Transfer Fees

NJ County Libraries and Public County Records


More Local Resources

More National Resources (including by State/Community)

More Worldwide/Global/International Resources

More Seniors Resources

More General Resources

More Military Resources

More Music Resources

Recommended Books

Additional NJ Facts

Origin of name: From the Channel Isle of Jersey.

New Jersey's state seal was designed by Pierre Eugene du Simitiere and presented in May 1777.

New Jersey has over 50 resort cities and towns, some of the nations most famous, Asbury park, Wildwood, Atlantic City, Seaside heights, Cape May.

Atlantic City is where the street names came from for the game Monopoly, is home to the Miss America Pageant and has the longest boardwalk in the world.  Atlantic City's original summer visitors were the Absegami Indians of the Lenni Lenape tribe.

New Jersey Population Distrbution - 2000Cape May holds the distinction of being the oldest seashore resort in the United States and one of the most unique and picturesque..

New Jersey has the most diners in the world and is sometimes referred to as the diner capital of the world.

North Jersey has the most shopping malls in one area in the world with seven major shopping malls in a 25 sq. mile radius.

"I'm From New Jersey" is the only state song that is adaptable to any municipality with a two or three syllable name.

The light bulb, phonograph (record player), motion picture projector were invented by Thomas Edison in his Menlo Park laboratory. The first tin-foil phonograph developed by Thomas Edison was crude, but it proved his point-- that sound could be recorded and played back. Thomas Edison had phonograph demonstrations and became world-renowned as the "Wizard of Menlo Park" for this invention.

Fort Dix is named for Major General John Adams Dix, a veteran of the War of 1812 and the Civil War. During his distinguished public career, he was a United States Senator, Secretary of the Treasury, Minister to France and Governor of New York.

New Jersey has the highest population density in the U.S. An average 1,030 people per sq. mi., which is 13 times the national average and more dense that Japan's.

New Jersey has the highest percent urban population in the U.S. with about 90% of the people living in an urban area.

New Jersey has 21 counties and is the only state where all its counties are classified as metropolitan areas.

New Jersey has the most dense system of highways and railroads in the U.S.

New Jersey is a leading industrial state and is the largest chemical producing state in the nation.

New Jersey is a major seaport state with the largest seaport in the U.S. located in Elizabeth.

New Jersey has the largest petroleum containment area outside of the Middle East countries.

Software and software related companies account for nearly 2,700 companies in New Jersey.

The first Indian reservation was in New Jersey.

New Jersey has the tallest water tower in the world.

New Jersey is the only state in the nation which offers child abuse prevention workshops to every public school.

The first Drive-In Movie theatre was opened in Camden.

Tourism is the second-largest industry in New Jersey.

The honeybee, apis mellifera, is the New Jersey state bug.

The state seashell is the knobbed whelk, busycon carica gmelin, it is found on all beaches and bays of New Jersey.

Modern paleontology, the science of studying dinosaur fossils, began in 1858 with the discovery of the first nearly complete skeleton of a dinosaur in Haddonfield, New Jersey. The Hadrosaurus is the official New Jersey state dinosaur.

Click here for more Fun New Jersey Facts from Encyclopedia Fun Trivia


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